Parrot breeding can be a fun, satisfying experience. If you have owned parrots for a while and have a strong working knowledge of parrot behavior, you may have realized that one (or more) of your parrots is exhibiting mating behavior, indicating a desire to breed.
It is important that anyone thinking of going into parrot breeding must realize that a parrot can be a companion parrot or a breeder parrot, but seldom can a parrot be both.
There are those rare cases where two pet parrots breed and then return to being pets the rest of the year, but that is simply to rare to consider. Once two parrots bond as mates, they are is just as married as a human man and wife. They want to be together and not have humans interfering with their lives, acting like a “third wheel”. If you want a tame, loving parrot, then don’t try breeding that parrot. Instead, get a pair for breeding purposes.
For parrots to want to breed there must be certain conditions met. In the wild parrots breed in the spring time when fresh foods are plentiful so that they will be able to provide sufficiently to raise a healthy clutch of young bird. They breed when the days are longer, providing extra daylight hours for foraging for the food. In the wild chew a hole into a tree (there are a few exceptions) to create a nesting cavity for laying eggs and nurturing the young.
Breeding parrots in captivity requires that these conditions be mimicked. You must know that you have a true pair of male and female parrots that get along well and have had some time to bond with each other.
Then, the daylight hours must increase slowly; the springtime allows this to happen naturally but it can be accomplished indoors breeding facilities. The amount of fresh, green foods must increase, indicating food will be available for the young. Then a nest box must be placed into the breeding enclosure so that the birds will have a place for their babies. The nest box also stimulates the hen’s ovaries to produce eggs.
Once the nest box has been placed, the male parrot will investigate it thoroughly. Once he finally enters the nest, he will check out the interior and, if he approve, he will come out of the nest and usually chew on the opening.
This lets the hen know that the cock thinks this is a fine place to raise a family. Soon after, mating will occur, perhaps within minutes or within days.
After the eggs are laid, usually two days apart, the hen and cock share the sitting duties. They turn the eggs so the fetus does not stick to the shell. The babies will hatch, depending on species, after 19 or more day and will hatch in the order the eggs were laid.
The mother will feed the babies food she regurgitates from her crop and the male will feed the hen the same way. He may also take a turn at feeding the babies, but in the early days, the hen takes most of the feeding chores.
The babies are naked and bare with eyes closed. In a week or so, their eyes begin to open and tiny feathers begin to appear. Once the parrot babies have become covered with feathers, they will start to look less like ET and more like the beautiful parrots you love.
Never start parrot breeding unless you know you have a good way to locate homes for the babies. There are too many parrots that are unwanted, mistreated, and abandoned in shelters every day to breed parrots unless you have a good reason to do so. You will never get rich breeding parrots and it is a lot of work, but it can be very satisfying too.